Fatimah az Zahra (Leader Of The Women Of Paradise) 

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Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) birth

Mother of Imam Hasan (radhiyallahu anhu) and Imam Husain (radhiyallahu anhu) and the youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) Fatimah az Zahra (radhiyallahu anha) was born to Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha) in Makkah Mukarramah, roughly about five years before Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) received the first revelation. At the time of Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) birth, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was approximately 35 years old and this was the time when Ka’aba was being rebuilt. On this very occasion of rebuilding of Ka’aba, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) had devised an excellent strategy to place the black stone back in its place. His (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) strategy had put off the danger of a severe war between different tribes and because of this strategy he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was even more respected by all the tribes of Arabia.

All the sons of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) passed away during their childhood. As a matter of fact, out of three sons of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), none survived for more than 2-3 years of life. Out of his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) four daughters three passed away during his lifetime itself. Fatima (radhiyallahu anha) passed away six months after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). None of Prophet’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) four daughter lived for more than 30 years. During the last years of Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) life, Fatima (radhiyallahu anha) had become the centre of his love and affection. In general, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was quite fond of her. All four daughters of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) are buried at Madinah Munawwarah’s famous graveyard Al-Baqee’.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Upbringing:

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was raised by her gifted mother Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha). Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was just 15 years old when she was deprived of her mother’s love and affection. After the death of Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha) Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) himself looked after Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha). Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) maidservant Umme Aiman (radhiyallahu anha) and Ali’s (radhiyallahu anhu) mother Fatimah bint Asad (radhiyallahu anha) also played a very important role in Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) upbringing. Other than these two, Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) sisters too remained at her side as and when it was needed.

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) resembled Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam):

Whenever Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) would walk her overall persona would be quite similar to Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) (Muslim). Similarly, A’aisha (radhiyallahu anha) narrates, “In terms of routine acts, habits, and behaviour I did not find anyone closer to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) than Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha)” (Tirmidhi). Suffice it to say that the overall persona of Hadhrat Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) and the way she used to converse, everything clearly offered a glimpse of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

Serving Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam):

Right from the days of childhood Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) used to look after Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Abdullah bin Mas’ud (radhiyallahu anhu) says, “Once Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was offering prayer in The Grand Mosque (Ka’abah). Few goons of the Quraish tribe, as a matter of mischief, placed camel’s gut on him and started clapping with joy. Someone informed Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) so she came running and threw the gut away”.

Similarly, once Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was passing by one of the streets of Makkah. Some depraved fellow threw dirt on his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) head from his rooftop. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) reached his home in the same condition. When Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) saw this condition of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) she started crying and then she washed Prophet’s (sallallaahi alayhi wasallam) head and his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) clothes.

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) used to serve Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) with remarkable courage and perseverance not only in everyday circumstances but in extremely challenging circumstances too. Therefore, in the Battle of Uhud, when the Prophet’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) teeth were broken and he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) even suffered wounds on his forehead, Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) reached Uhud and cleaned her father’s face with water and removed all the blood. Suffice it to say that Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) served her father as perfectly as it was needed.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) migration to Madinah Munawwarah:

The childhood of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was spent facing difficulties and troubles in the name of Islam till the time Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), in order to escape from the tortures meted out to him by the Quraish, migrated to Madinah Munawwarah with Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu anhu) as his fellow traveller. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) had left behind his family in Makkah. After some time Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) made arrangements to get his family members and Abu Bakr’s (radhiyallahu anhu) family to Madinah Munawwarah. In this way Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) migrated to Madinah Munawwarah and joined her father (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam).

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Nikah:

In the second year of Hijrah, after the Battle of Badr, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) married his youngest daughter Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) to his paternal uncle’s son Ali bin Abi Talib (radhiyallahu anhu).

In Musnad Ahmad Hadhrat Ali’s (radhiyallahu anhu) narrative is recorded in his own words: “When I decided to express my wish before Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) to marry his youngest daughter Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha), I told myself, I did not have anything and therefore how could this proposal possibly be accepted?? But right after that, deep in my heart I felt how open-hearted and generous Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is. So I went to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and proposed to marry Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) . Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) asked me, “Do you have anything (to give in Mehr). I said, “No.” Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Where did your shield go?” I said, “Yes, that is with me.” Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Give that in Mehr (sell it and give the amount in Mehr).

Explanation: Historians have written that as per Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) direction Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) had sold his shield. It was bought by Uthman Ghani (radhiyallahu anhu) and later he returned this shield to Ali (radhiyallahu anha) as a gift. This incident informs us how important it is to give Mehr as Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) made Ali (radhiyallahu anha) sell his most cherished item so that he could give Mehr.

Mehr of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha)

In relation to the amount of Mehr given to Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) there are several reports that can be summarised as, theMehr given to Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was between 400 to 500 Dirham. Dirham was a silver coin that usually carried 2.975 grams of silver. In case we go by the report that says the Mehr was 480 Dirhams, Mehr of Fatimah (RA) would be 1428 grams (2.975 X 480). The entire Muslim nation knows this as Mehr-e-Fatimi. Allah knows best.

Explanation: Mehr is a woman’s right, it ought to be fixed at the time of Nikah and should be given before the girl leaves her house. With reference to Mehr the person should, as per his standing, fix an amount that is neither too high nor too low. In relation to the importance of this aspect of social life, in the Holy Qur’an, Allah has referred to Mehr on close to seven occasions. Therefore, we must give Mehr. In case we are not able to pay a huge amount in Mehr and the family members of the girl are hell bent upon a huge amount in Mehr (as we generally find in the countries we live in) then we must give a portion of it then and there (whatever we can afford) and with reference to the remaining amount it could be decided that it will be paid or given later (Mehr-e-Muajjal) as Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) made Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) give Mehr by asking him to sell his shield. Nowadays, we participate so enthusiastically in the expenditures related to dowry and marriage arrangements but we neglect our obligation vis-a-vis Mehr, something Allah has commanded us to do. May Allah forgive us all. Aameen.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) dowry:

After collecting all the reports it turns out that the dowry of the leader of all the women of paradise comprised of very few things: 1) A cot, 2) A bedspread, 3) A leather pillow stuffed with date bark, 4) A manual flour grinder (according to several reports she was given two) and 5) Two Mashkeeze (used to bring water from the well).

Explanation: Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) most beloved and dearest daughter. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) has called her the leader of the women of paradise. How simple Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) married her off; Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) made the proposal to marry her, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) mentioned this before Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha), she remained silent, something that signifies acceptance, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) accepted Ali’s (radhiyallahu anhu) proposal to marry Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) and having finalised the Mehr he (sallallaahu alayho wasallam) performed the Nikah in the presence of those few companions present at that time. After few months, without any pomp and show, Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) left her native home. In the books of history and Hadith it is mentioned that the dowry Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) had arranged for Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) was bought with the amount Ali (radhiyallahu anha) had given in Mehr. Moreover, the dowry given was hardly substantial, for which neither did the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) borrow money from anyone nor did he make a list of the items and showed it around nor did he indulge in publicizing the items given in dowry.

These days a lot of people indulge in dowry related arrangements with a lot of fervour no matter how much they borrow from others to get those arrangements in place. Even if one is not willing, some way or the other he is implicated in it. This needs an immediate reformist intervention because due to heavy dowry exchange countless girls and boys remain unmarried. Moreover, dowry is also the reason for the spread of different social evils in our society. Now a days, in general, the boy’s family makes a specific demand of several articles or a certain amount. And it has also been found that girls’ families compete with each other in terms of the dowry that is given, even if one earns money through unfair or impermissible means to spend on dowry related arrangements, something that is not permissible. May Allah save us all from this deadly disease. Aameen.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) departure from her house:

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) was simply sent to her groom’s house with Umme Aiman (radhiyallahu anha). This was the farewell of the daughter of the most supreme of all the humans of both the worlds. There was no music, no palanquin, no throwing of currencies in air. Neither did Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) climb on a horse, nor did he have any Baraat, and nor did he blow off his money in firing crackers. On both sides simplicity was adopted and no work was done by borrowing money from someone. Today all of us make big claims of our love for Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) but following him and obeying his commands is considered as a matter of disgrace for ourselves as well as our family.   

Reception:

The next day Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) gave a small reception in which he offered whatever he could afford. In the reception there was Barley bread, dates, Hareerah (a sweet dish), cottage cheese, and meat [(Seerat Sarwar-e-Kaunain– Mufti Muhammad Aashiq Ilaahi Madani (rahimahullah)].     

Division of Work:

Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) did not have any servant or maidservant which is why Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallan) had divided work among him and Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) in such a way that Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) did all the household work such as grinding of flour, kneading dough, cooking food and cleaning of the house etc. and Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) used to look after outdoor works.

The lifestyle of’Ali and Fatimah

The lifestyle of ‘Ali (ra) and Fatimah(.), who were the dearest to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), was very ascetic. They lived on very little; it was a life of patience and striving. Hanad narrated from ‘Ata’ that he was told that ‘Ali said:

«We went for several days during which we had nothing and the Prophet (pbuh) had nothing. I went out and found a dinar lying on the road. I paused for a while, wondering whether to take it or leave it. Because of the hardship we were facing, I took it and bought some flour with it. I then brought it to Fatimah and said: Make dough and bread. She started to make dough; she was so tired that she leaned forward and could not keep her lock of hair from touching the dough. She baked the bread, and I went to the Prophet (pbuh) and told him.

He said: Eat, for it is provision that Allah has granted to you.»

It was narrated that ash-Shi’bi said that ‘Ali (ra) said:

I married Fatimah, daughter of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), and she and I had no furnishings apart from the skin of a ram on which we slept at night, and on which we carried food to our camel during the day. I had no servant apart from her.

It was narrated from Mujahid that ‘Ali said:

«I got very hungry in Madinah, and I went out looking for work in the outskirts of the city. There was a woman who had gathered some dirt, and I thought she wanted to wet it. I went to her and made an agreement with her [that she would give me] one date for each bucket. I brought sixteen buckets, until my hands swelled up. After doing that, I brought water and drank some of it. Thereafter, I put my hands like this in front of her hands, and she counted out sixteen dates for me. With those dates, I came to the Prophet (pbuh) and told him the entire story; he ate some of them with me.»

This report clearly indicates the hardship that Commander of the Faithful ‘Ali (ra) went through in Madinah; from it, we can learn what to do during times of hardship. ‘Ali (ra) went out and worked with his own hands to earn a lawful living. He did not just sit around and wait for people to give him alms or charity.

Another thing to note is the patience with which he undertook hard work, even at a time when he was suffering from severe hun- ger that had sapped his strength.

We also learn about giving precedence to loved ones and being loyal to them. Despite his extreme hunger and the hard work he had done, he kept his wages of dates until he met the Prophet and shared them with him.

The most important lesson we learn from this story is that a person’s poverty or material wealth does not necessarily indicate whether or not Allah (ra) loves them. The real criterion is fearful awareness of Allah. Our evaluation of people should also be on that basis.

Her asceticism and patience

Her life was very simple and uncomplicated; it was closer to a life of hardship than a life of luxury. The following story shows us Fatimah’s situation of hardship and exhaustion, and the attitude of the Messenger Of Allah <pbuh>when she asked him to give her a servant from among the prisoners of war.

«’Ali said to Fatimah one day: By Allah, I brought water until my chest hurt. Some captives have been brought to your father; go and ask him for a servant.

She said: I, by Allah, have ground flour until my hands became sore. She went to the Prophet (pbuh), who asked: What brings you here, my daughter?

She said: I have come to greet you. 

She felt too shy to ask him, so she went back.

‘Ali (ra) asked: What happened? She replied: I felt too shy to ask him.

So they went together, and ‘Ali said: 0 Messenger ofAllah, by Allah, I have brought water until my chest hurt.

Fatimah said: I have ground flour until my hands hurt. Allah has brought you plenty of captives, so please give us a servant.

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: By Allah, I will not give one to you and leave the people of as-sufah (a section of the Prophet’s Mosque made into a ‘hostel’ for poor, single Muslim men and youths) starving, when I have nothing to spend on them. Instead, I will sell the captives and spend the money I get on the people of as-suffah.

So they went back.

The Prophet (pbuh) came when they were under their cover, which would leave their feet bare if it covered their heads, and would leave their heads bare if it covered their feet.

They wanted to get up, but he said: Stay where you are.

He asked: Shall I not tell you something that is better than what you asked for?

They replied: Yes.

He stated: [These are the] words that Gabriel ( ‘alayhi as- salam – peace be upon him) taught me. Following every prayer, glorify Allah ten times, and praise Him ten times and magnify Him ten times. When you go to bed, glorify Allah thirty-three times, praise Him thirty-three times and magnify Him thirty-four times.» (Muslim)

From the above story, we learn several important values. Firstly, we learn how the Prophet (pbuh) handled the economic crisis through which his state in Madinah was passing, by setting his priorities in order. Spending on the people of as-suffah in order to alleviate their hunger was a necessity. ‘Ali and Fatimah’s need for a servant was not as important as their needs; hence, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) gave priority to those who were needier.

‘Ali (ra) was influenced by this training from the Prophet (pbuh). With the passage of time, he became the caliph of the Muslims. As a result ofthe Prophet’s example, we see him put himself above worldly gains and adornment even when the treasures of the earth were in his hands. This is because remembrance of Allah (~) filled his heart and overshadowed his existence. He continued to do what the Messenger of Allah (~) had recommended to him.

He himself told us of that when he said, “By Allah, I never omitted them since he taught them to me.”

One of the Companions asked him, “Not even on the night of Siffeen?”

He said, “Not even on the night of Siffeen.” (Muslim)

The Messenger of Allah’s love and protective jealousy for her

It was narrated that Thawban (ra) said:

« When the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) travelled, the last thing he would do in Madinah would be to go to Fatimah, and the first person he would visit when he returned from his journey would be Fatimah.» (Recorded by Abmad with a sound chain)

According to a report narrated from Abu Tha’labah al-Khush- am:

When the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) returned from a campaign or a journey, he would go first to the mosque, where he would pray two units of prayer. Next, he would go to Fatimah, and after that, he would go to see his wives. 

It was also narrated that ‘A’ishah (ra) said:

«I never saw anyone who resembled the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) more in terms of dignity, calmness and pleasant disposition, when standing and sitting, than Fatimah, daughter of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). If she came to him, he would stand up to greet her. Then he would kiss her and offer her the place where he was sitting. If the Prophet (pbuh) went to her, she would get up from where she was sitting, kiss him and seat him in her spot.» (Muslim)

«According to another report, she would kiss his hands.» (Abu Dawood)

It was narrated that Usamah ibn Zayd (ra) said that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:

«The dearest to me of the members of my family is Fatimah.» (Recorded by at-Tayalisi with a sound chain)

‘Ali (ra) wanted to marry the daughter ofAbu Jahl and take her as a second wife while he was married to Fatimah (ra). However, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) addressed the people, saying:

«Fatimah is a part of me; whoever upsets her upsets me.» (Bukhari)

(And in the report of ‘A’ishah [ra] , there is evidence to indicate the true nature of the love between ‘A’ishah and Fatimah; it is not as those with ulterior motives claim.)

It was narrated from al-Miswar ibn Makhramah that he heard the Messenger ofAllah (pbuh) say on the pulpit:

«Banu Hashim ibn al-Mugheerah asked me for permission to give their daughter in marriage to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, but I will not give them permission, and I will not give them permission, and I will not give them permission – unless the son of Abu Talib would like to divorce my daughter and marry their daughter. My daughter is a part of me; what disturbs her disturbs me, and whatever offends her offends me.» (Bukhari)

At-Tirmidhi narrated with a sound chain going back to ‘Ab- dullah ibn az-Zubayr (ra) that ‘Ali mentioned the daughter of Abu Jahl and news of that reached the Prophet (pbuh), who said:

«Fatimah is a part of me; what offends her offends me, and what bothers her bothers me.» (Recorded by Abmad with a sound chain)

Another virtue of Fatimah (ra) was mentioned by al-Hakim with a chain going back to Buraydah (ra), who said:

«The most beloved of women to the Messenger of Allah ( pbuh) was Fatimah, and the most beloved of men was ‘Ali.» (Recorded by al-Hakim with a sound chain)

This hadith should not be understood as contradicting the following hadith of’Amr ibn al-‘As (ra), which was narrated in the sound collections of hadiths:

«The Prophet (pbuh) was asked: Who among the people is dearest to you?

He replied: ‘A;ishah.
He was asked: Who among men? He answered: Her father.» (Bukhari)

What is meant by this hadith – and Allah knows best – is that Fatimah (ra) was the dearest to him among the women of his family, and ‘Ali(ra) was the dearest among their men.

lbn al-‘ Arabi says concerning this hadith:

The most beloved of people to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was Abu Bakr, the most beloved of his wives was ‘A’ishah, and the most beloved of his family members were Fatimah and ‘Ali.

Thus, the hadith can be reconciled, and confusion is dispelled. 

Her sincerity of speech

Al-Hakim narrated with a chain going back to ‘A’ishah (ra) that whenever she remembered Fatimah, daughter of the Prophet (pbuh), she would say, “I never saw anyone more sincere in speech than her, except the one who fathered her.” (Recorded by al-Hakim with a sound chain)

This clearly indicates another one of her virtues. One of the Mothers of the Believers described her as resembling the Prophet (pbuh) and she was very much like him in terms of sincerity as well. May Allah be pleased with her and make her pleased.

Her leadership in this world and the hereafter

There are sound hadiths in which the Prophet (~) spoke of Fatimah’s leadership in this world and the hereafter.

At-Tirmidhi narrated, with a chain going back to Anas ibn Malik (ra), that the Prophet (pbuh) said:

«Sufficient for you among the women of this world are Maryam bint ‘Imran (Mary, the mother of Jesus), Khadee- jah bint Khuwaylid, Fatimah bint Muhammad, and Asiya (wife of the Pharaoh).» (Recorded by Ahmad with a sound chain)

Al-Hakim narrated, with a chain going back to Abu Sa’eed al- Khudri (ra), that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:

«Fatimah is the leader of the women of paradise, except for the position held by Maryam bint ‘Imran.» (Recorded by Abmad with a sound chain)

Imam Bukhari said, in the chapter on the virtues of Fatimah, that the Prophet (pbuh) said:

«Fatimah is the leader of the women of paradise.» (Bukhari)

Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi:

Once few slaves and slave girls came to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). So Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) asked Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) to ask Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) for a slave girl who could be of help to her in her household work. So with the intention of asking for a slave girl Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) went to Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). When Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) reached Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) place there were few people with him. Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) felt shy and returned. Later Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) himself paid a visit to Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) house. At that point Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) was also at home. Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Fatimah! What did you want to tell me when you came to meet me?” Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) remained silent out of shyness but Ali (radhiyallahu anhi) said, “O Apostle of Allah! Because of grinding of flour there are boils on the hands of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) and because of lifting water filled Mashkeezah she has got marks on her body. As of now you have few slaves which is why I only advised her to ask you for a servant so that she could be relieved of this hardship.” After listening to this, Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “O Fatimah! Should not I tell you something that is better for you than a servant; when you are about to sleep in the night recite Subhaanallah 33 times, Alhamdulillah 33 times and Allahu Akbar 34 times” (Abu Dawud, Volume 2, Page 64). So Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did not give a servant or maidservant to his dearest daughter. Instead, in lieu of a servant, he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) provided her the best possible thing from Allah i.e. remembrance of Allah. These recitations are known to the Muslim nation as Tasbeeh-e-Fatimi.

Few virtues of Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha):

Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “ Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) is a piece of my body. One who displeased her displeased me ” According to another report Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha)  grief grieves me and her suffering makes me suffer” [Muslim].

Whenever Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) used to embark upon a journey he used to visit Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) house in the end and upon his (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) return before anyone else’s house he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) visited Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) house [Mishkaat].

Huzaifah (radhiyallahu anhu)  says, “I met Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). At that point Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Doubtlessly this angel has never descended on earth before this night. Having sought permission from his Lord this angel has come to greet me and inform me that verily Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) is the leader of the women of paradise and Hasan and Husain (radhiyallahu ta’ala anhum) are the leaders of the youth of paradise” (Mishkaat).

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam):

Fatimah Zahra (radhiyallahu anha) was deeply saddened by Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) death. Therefore, after Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was buried she said something to Prophet Muhammad’s (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) slave Anas (radhiyallahu anha) which explains her inner turmoil and restlessness and reflects the condition of her grief-stricken heart. Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) asked, “O Anas! How could you people throw dust on the body of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam)”? [Mishkaat, page no. 547].

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) mother Khadeejah (radhiyallahu anha), her three sisters and all her brothers passed away during her lifetime. And then in the end her beloved father left this world. Therefore, no amount of grief on her father’s death was enough. Although Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) demonstrated patience and endurance on the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wqsallam) still she remained exceedingly sad after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). Consequently, after the death of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) could only stay alive for six months.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Children:

Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) gave birth to three sons Hasan (radhiyallahu anhu), Husain (radhiyallahu anhu) and Muhsin (radhiyallahu anhu) and two daughters Zainab (radhiyallahu anha) and Umme Kulthoom (radhiyallahu anha). Mohsin (radhiyallahu anhu) died during childhood. Through Hasan (radhiyallahu anhu) and Husain (radhiyallahu anhu) continued the chain of descendants of their grandfather Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam). It is specifically with Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) that the progeny of his daughter Fatimah (radhiyallahu anha) is considered as his own chain of descendants otherwise the rule is that the progeny of a person proceeds through his sons.

Fatimah’s (radhiyallahu anha) Death:

One of the things which indicate that the relationship between Abu Bakr and Fatimah was very strong is that Abu Bakr’s wife Asma’ bint ‘Umays was the one who tended to Fatimah during her terminal illness. She remained with her until she took her final breath, and then she was one of those who washed her and prepared her for burial. ‘Ali tended her himself and was helped by Asma’ hint ‘Umays.

Fatimah gave Asma’ some instructions with regard to how she should be shrouded and buried, and how her funeral should be conducted. Asma’ carried out those instructions.

Fatimah said to Asma’: I do not like what is done to women; they cover a woman with a cloth that reveals her figure.

Asma’ said: 0 daughter of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), shall I tell you something that I saw in Abyssinia?

She called for some fresh palm leaves, bent them and covered them with a cloth.

Fatimah said: How good and beautiful this is! With this, a woman can be distinguished from a man.

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr that Fatimah (ra) was the first one in Islam whose bier was covered in this manner. Zaynab bint Jash was the next one.

Abu Bakr constantly asked ‘Ali about Fatimah’s health, contrary to what people claim. While Fatimah was sick, ‘Ali was praying the five daily prayers in the mosque. In the mosque, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar would ask him, “How is the Messenger of Allah’s (pbuh) daughter?”

At the same time, he was in contact with her through his wife Asma’, since she was the one who was taking care ofher.

On the day Fatimah(ra) died, Madinah was shaken with the weeping of men and women alike. People were as distraught as they had been on the day the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) had died.

Abu Bakr and ‘Umar went to offer condolences to’ Ali, saying, “Abul-Hasan, do not offer the funeral prayer for the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) before telling us.

She died on 3 Ramadan, 11 AH.

Ibn Malik ibn Ja’far ibn Muhammad narrated from his father that his grand father ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn said:

Fatimah died between the sunset and the evening prayers. Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, az-Zubayr and ‘Abdur-Ral} man ibn ‘A wf (may Allah be pleased with them) were present. When she was placed for the funeral prayer to be offered, ‘Ali (ra) said: Go forward, Abu Bakr [to lead the prayer].

Abu Bakr said: What about you, Abul-Hasan?
He said: By Allah, no one but you will lead the prayer.

So Abu Bakr led the funeral prayer for her, and she was buried at night.

Another report says:

Abu Bakr (ra) offered the funeral prayer for Fatimah, daughter of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), and said Alla Hu akbar (Allah is the most Great) over her four times.

However, according to a report narrated by Muslim, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (ra) led her funeral prayer, and this is more likely to be correct.

Certain Shiite books allege that Fatimah instructed ‘Ali that none of those who had wronged her and denied her rights should stand over her grave, for they were her enemies and the enemies of her father. These reports are fabricated and false, just like the report mentioned by the author of Hayat al-Imam al-Hasan ibn Ali.

Muhammad Iqbal spoke eloquently in his ode al-‘Asma'(Fatimah az-Zahra’), in which he said:

The lineage of the Messiah gives an honourable name to Maryam, whose memory will live forever.

However, glory comes from three sources in the case of Fatimah, and how great they are.

She is the daughter of whom? The wife of whom? The mother of whom? Who can come close to the honourable status of her father?

She is a flash of light from the eye of the chosen one, the one who guided those who were lost.

The Prophet (pbuh) is the one who awoke them with his guidance, as if he brought them back to life after they were dead.

He restored the course of history, just like a bride in her adornment and beauty.

She is an example for mothers and an ideal. The shining moon follows in her footsteps.

She resorted to beautiful patience as a means of nourishment and steadfastness. She believed that what ever pleased her husband pleased her.

Were it not for my adherence to the guidance of the chosen one and the limits set by the Sharia, may our souls be sacrificed for her, I would have circumambulated her grave and I would have kissed every spot of the good dust that covers her resting place. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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